Sri Kola Valvilli Ramar Perumal Temple Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu located 19 km away from Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India on the Kumbakonam-Chennai highway. in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. It is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Kola Valvill Ramar and his consort Lakshmi as Maragathavalli.
As per Hindu legend, the temple was called Brahma Putram in Krita Yuga, Parasaram in Treta Yuga, Sainthiranagaram in Dwapara Yuga and Bhargava Puram in Kali Yuga. The temple is associated with the Trivikrama avatar of Vishnu.
As per the legend, Sukrachariyar, the demon guru, was against king Mahabali donating land to Vishnu in the form of a Brahmin. He took the form of the insect and shut the tube of the jug used by the king to spill water during the donation. Vishnu identified the trick and injured the eyes of the insect with a small spear.
Sukracharyar, who lost his eyes, did penance at this place to attain the lost eye. It is believed the light he attained is still glowing at the temple as a lamp called Nethra Deepam.
As Lord Shukra (Venus) also known as Velli was in penance on this place and because of this, the sthalam is called as “Velliankudi”. Among all the Planet’s Lord Shukra has an important place. He is the next brightest star to Sun and Moon.
Once the architects of Devaloga, Viswakarma and Mayan had an argument on whose skill was superior. Mayan was the sculptor of the Deva Logam. He is the father of Mandodari, wife of Ravana.
He constructed many beautiful places such as Tiripura logo which floats in the sky (for Asura’s) etc. Brahma, the god of creation informed Mayan that Viswakarma attained betterment as he built Vaikunta, the abode of Vishnu on account of accomplishments in previous birth.
He also informed Mayan that to attain similar status, he has to identify and build an abode near river Kaveri similar to Vaikunta. Mayan wanted to have a heartiful Darshan of Sri Ramar. He requested Sri Ramar to give Darshan without his Sangu and Chakram.
So Sri Ramar gave these things to Garudan and showed himself as “Kola Vallvill Raman” at this place.Mayan inspected various places and finally identified Thiruvelliyangudi, where sage Markendeya was doing penance. He built a beautiful temple and its compound, which is believed to be the temple in modern times. Vishnu appeared as Sringara Sundaran (beautiful deity).
Here Garudan has Sangu and Chakram in his hands. This incident shows that a true artist is beyond love and affection towards his family (ie) he is more concentrated in his work only. So, Lord Bhrama too came here to have Darshan.
Sri Kola Valvilli Ramar Perumal Temple practises Vaigasi Agama and Vadakalai. Vishnupathi Punniya Kalam, an auspicious time during the first days of Tamil months of Vaikasi, Avani, Karthigai and Masi is celebrated in the temple seeking divine auspices from Garuda.
The theerthams or pushkarini for the temples are Sukra, Brahma, Indra and Parasara theertham and the vimanam is known as Pushkalavartaka vimanam,It is said that praying at this temple would be equal to praying at all the 108 divya desams. Lord Vishnu is present in the temple in the form of Lord Rama with a bow. Garuda is found in a unique posture with conch and discus (shanku and chakra). Visiting the temple is said to cure devotee’s eye related problems. Neetra deepam is lit throughout the day in the main sanctum. Since Thirumangaiazhwar saw Lord Vishnu as Rama here, Sita devi and Lakshaman are not there with the Lord here. The pasuram of the temple reflects that the needs of the devotees are fulfilled faster here. Thirumanjanam is performed only to the Utsava moorthy in the temple.
The Moolavar of this sthalam is Kola Valvilli Raman. He is giving his seva in Kidantha Thirukkolam in Bhujanga Sayam facing his thirumugham towards east direction. Prathyaksham for Lord Shukran, Brahma, Indra, Parasara, Mayan, Markandeya Maharishi and Bhoomi Piratti. The Thayaar found in this sthalam is Maragatha Valli Thayar. The Utsavar found in this sthalam is Sringara Sundaran.