Dedicated to Lord Padmanabhaya, an avatar of Lord Vishnu, the well-known Shree Padmanabhaswamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram is one of the most popular shrines in India. The centuries-vintage Shree Padmanabhaswamy Temple has been defined in several Hindu scriptures like the Brahma Purana, Matsya Purana, Varaha Purana, Skanda Purana, Padma Purana, Vayu Purana and Bhagavata Purana. The shrine is also referred to in the Mahabharata, in keeping with specialists.
The Shree Padmanabhaswamy Temple dates lower back to eighth century CE, say historians. The temple, constructed in the Chera style of structure, is unique to Kerala and the neighbouring states, as the construction became performed maintaining the local climate and wind route in thoughts. Temples made inside the Chera style are generally square, rectangular, octagonal or megastar-shaped.
Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple is one of 108 Divya Desams (holy abodes of Vishnu) – predominant centres of worship of the deity in Vaishnavism. The temple gave its call to Kerala’s capital Thiruvananthapuram. ‘Thiru’ ‘Anantha’ ‘Puram’ method ‘sacred dwelling house of Lord Anantha Padmanabha.’
The most important deity within the Shree Padmanabhaswamy Temple is of Lord Vishnu inside the ‘Anantha Shayana’ posture (reclined posture of everlasting yoga) on Adi Shesha or king of all serpents.
Padmanabhaswamy temple is a Hindu temple located in Thiruvananthapuram, the country capital of Kerala, India. The name of the metropolis of Thiruvananthapuram in Malayalam interprets to “The City of Lord Ananta”, regarding the deity of the Padmanabhaswamy temple. The temple is constructed in an intricate fusion of the Chera fashion and the Dravidian style of architecture, featuring high partitions, and a 16th-century gopura. While the Ananthapura temple in Kumbla is considered the authentic seat of the deity (“Moolasthanam”), architecturally to a point, the temple is a duplicate of the Adikesava Perumal temple in Thiruvattar.
One of the 108 Divya Desams, Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple is located in Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala. Embellished in gold-plated covering, the temple is opened only to Hindu followers. Dedicated to Lord Padmanabha; one of the avatars of Lord Vishnu, the Padmanabhaswamy Temple is one of the principal centres of Vaishnava worship in the dharma of Vaishnavism.
Built as a replica of the Adikesavaperumal Temple in Thiruvattar, the Padmanabhaswamy temple is well-preserved antiquity. Although the origin of this temple still remains a mystery, devotees believe it to have existed since the first day of the Kali Yuga, which was 5000 years ago. The Padmanabhaswamy temple also has a mention in the Bhagwad Gita. The scripture states that Balarama, the older brother of Lord Krishna frequented the temple, bathed in the Padmatheertham and also made several offerings the deity here.
It is known to be one of the 108 holy temples associated with Vaishnavism in India. Since independence, the temple had been controlled by a trust run by the royal family right until 1991, when the last ruler of Travancore, Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, passed away.
Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple is one of 108 Divya Desams (holy abodes of Vishnu) – principal centres of worship of the deity in Vaishnavism. The temple gave its name to Kerala’s capital Thiruvananthapuram. ‘Thiru’ ‘Anantha’ ‘Puram’ means ‘sacred abode of Lord Anantha Padmanabha.’
The main deity in the Shree Padmanabhaswamy Temple is of Lord Vishnu in the ‘Anantha Shayana’ posture (reclined posture of eternal yoga) on Adi Shesha or king of all serpents.
The temple has been controlled by a trust run by the descendants of the Travancore royal family since Independence.
One of the richest temples in India, the worth of gold and jewels at Shree Padmanabhaswamy shrine, is estimated to be more than ₹ 1,00,000 crore. In 2011, the staggering worth of gold, jewels and statues were unearthed from the temple, after Supreme Court ordered the opening of the vaults to assess its wealth based on a Public Interest Litigation filed by a local activist.
After decades of legal battle, the Supreme Court today, upheld the rights of the former royal family in running the administration of the Shree Padmanabhaswamy Temple, setting aside the 2011 verdict of the Kerala High Court that directed the state government to take control of the historic temple.
This famous Vishnu temple in Thiruvananthapuram city has Lord Vishnu as its principal deity, seen reclining on Anantha, the serpent. The two major festivals here are in March / April (the Malayalam month Meenam). The festival flag is hoisted on the day of the Rohini asterism and concludes with the holy bath (aaratt) ceremony of the idol on the Atham asterism. For the festival in October / November (the Malayalam month Thulam) the festival flag is hoisted on the day of the Atham asterism and the aaratt is conducted on the day of the Thiruvonam asterism.
Both the festivals culminate with the the procession to the Shankumugham beach for the aaratt or the holy bath ceremony.
This festival is celebrated in the Malayalam month of Meenam (March / April). It starts with the kodiyettu – the hoisting of the festival flag on the day of the Rohini asterism. The ten-day long festival ends with the aaratt (holy bath) at Shankumugham beach on the day of the Atham astersim. On the first day, the festival flags are hoisted on the kodimaram or flag posts of Padmanabhaswami (the principal deity) and Thiruvambadi Krishnan. On the ninth day of the festival, the head of Travancore Royal Family performs the palli vetta (royal hunt) ritual. A coconut is placed in a temporary trench and His Highness, the Maharaja of Travancore, who is considered as the representative of Lord Padmanabha will break the coconut by shooting an arrow. The aaratt is held on the tenth day. The aaratt procession will begin with the deities taken on palanquins that will circumambulate the temple twice and then exit the temple through the western gate. The head of the royal family along with other members of the family escort the deities during the procession. When the procession exits through the western gate of the temple, 1001 maroons (kathina) are burst. The festival concludes with the aaratt at the Sanghumugham beach where the ritual immersion of idols (aaratt) in the sea is performed. The chief priests as well as the members of the royal family take part in the ritual immersion. After this ritual, the ceremonial flag is lowered.
The name is derived from Tamil month of alppassi, which corresponds to the month of thulaam in the Malayalam calendar. All the rituals followed in Painkuni festival are repeated during the Alppassi festival too. The ceremonial flag is hoisted on the day of the Atham asterism and the ritual immersion or aaratt is celebrated on the day of Thiruvonam asterism.
Women are required to wear sarees, Mundum Neriyathum (set-mundu), skirt and blouse, or half-saree. Young girls below the age of 12 may wear gowns. Men are similarly required to wear mundu or dhoti and bare their torso.