ThiruVaragunamangai Permual Temple is one of the Nava Tirupathi., nine Hindu temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu located in Tiruchendur-Tirunelveli route, Tamil Nadu, India in the banks of Thamiraparani river.
Deity: Vijayssana Perumal; (Vishnu); Varagun.
Features: Tower: Vijaykotti; Temple tank: Agni.
The temple is in the banks of Thamiraparani river. All these 9 temples are classified as “Divya Desams”, the 108 temples of Vishnu revered by the 12 poet saints, or Alwars.
Varagunamangai is referred to in one of the poems of Nammalwar, he must be posterior to Varaguna Pandya from whose name it is assumed Varagunamangai took its name. But there are number of instances where this logic is not pertinent.The temple has a 9-tier rajagopuram amidst lush vegetation around the temple.
Two legends are associated with this temple. Once an asura by the name Somakan appropriated Lord Brahmaâ€™s Creation-secret and Lord Vishnu retrieved it from the demon. Since the Lord came direct from His abode Vaikuntam and agreed to remain here, this place came to be known as Srivaikuntam. Later, Kaaladhushakan, a robber, conducted his robbery after worshipping Vaikuntanathan, and surrendered to Him, half of what he had plundered. He was a Robinhood of those days, looted the rich and helped the poor.
Once his men, while engaged in ransacking the palace were caught by the King soldiers. They had to identify their leader; when Kaladhushakan came to know about it, he prayed to the Lord of Srivaikuntam, to save him. The Lord appeared before the King as Kaaladhushakan, revealed Himself to the King and counseled him to protect dharma. Having had this Beatific Vision, the King requested the Lord to remain in this place as Kallappiraan.
As per legends,there was a cruel and greedy fisherman. One day he was bitten by a snake and died. Vultures and crows started pecking his body. At that moment deva ganas came from the sky and took his body to the Heavenly abode. Watching this, a sishya of Romesar approached his guru and asked him how such a bad person can be taken to heaven. Sage Romesar replied that because of his ancestors good deed and by being born here in Varaguna mangai he was taken to Heaven. Such a divine place is Varagunamangai.
As per another legend a brahmin scholar named Vedavith was in a place called Punniya Kosh.He did a penance towards Maha Vishnu by uttering Asanadhai mantra for several years. Yet he could not get the darshan of Sri Narayana. Sri Narayana in the guise of an old brahmin approached and asked him to go to Varamangai and continue his penanace there. He moved to Varamangai and continued his penance of uttering the Asanadhai mantra. Maha Vishnu apppeared before him and gave him Motcha. Vedavith requested Narayana to stay in the place and be called Vijayasanar and bless the people there.
The temple has a five tiered Rajagopuram. This temple is small but beautiful.We can see exiquisite stone sculptures and carvings in the pillars of this temple.
The Moolavar here is Vijayasanar in a veetrintha kolam(sitting posture) under the hood of Adi Seshan. The Utsavar is Vetri Irukkai Perumal.Prathyaksham for Agni,Romesar, Sathyavan.
Thayaar Varagunavalli Thaayar,Varagunamangai Thaayar.No seperate sannidhi.
Mangalaasasanam The temple is revered by the verses of Nammalwar.
Festivals During the Garuda Sevai utsavam(festival) in the month of Vaikasi(May-Jun) there are nine Garudasevai, a big event in which the utsava murthi is brought on Garuda vahana. This festivals draws thousands of visitors from nearby areas.
The Garuda Sevai utsavam(festival) in the month of Vaikasi(May-Jun) witnesses 9 Garudasevai, a spectacular event in which festival image idols from the Nava Tirupathis shrines in the area are brought on Garuda vahana(sacred vehicle). An idol of Nammalvar is also brought here on a Anna Vahanam(palaquin) and his paasurams(verses) dedicated to each of these 9 temples are recited. The utsavar(festival deity) of Nammalvar is taken in a palanquin to each of the 9 temples, through the paddy fields in the area. The paasurams(poems) dedicated to each of the 9 Divyadesams are chanted in the respective shrines. This is the most important of the festivals in this area, and it draws thousands of visitors.
The presiding deity of the temple is Sri Vijayaasana perumal in a sitting posture with Adiseshan over his head like an umbrella like in Srivaikundam temple. Thayar is known as Varagunamangai /Varagunavalli thayar and there is no seperate sannadhi for thayar in this temple. It is interesting to note that in many of the Nava thirupathi temples, the thayar is known by the name of the place itself.
ThiruVaragunamangai Permual Temple is one of the Nava Tirupathi.,9 Hindu temples committed to Lord Vishnu located in Tiruchendur-Tirunelveli direction, Tamil Nadu, India inside the banks of Thamiraparani river. All those nine temples are classified as “Divya Desams”, the 108 temples of Vishnu revered through the 12 poet saints, or Alwars. Thiru Varagunamangai Permual Temple at Natham also known as Sri Vijayasana Perumal Temple, the Chandran Sthalam is second of the Navathirupathis.
Varagunamangai, the only who granted his Dharshan to a Brahmin vedic pupil is cited in one of the poems of Nammalwar, he should be posterior to Varaguna Pandya from whose name it is assumed Varagunamangai took its name. But there are number of instances where this logic is not pertinent. The temple has a 5-tiered rajagopuram amidst lush plants around the temple. The lord here regarded in solution to the prayer of sage Romesar who done intense penances for several thousand years.
The temple is the second among the Nava thirupathi divyadesams of Sri Vaishnavas and comes under Pandiya naatu divyadesams among the 108 temples. The place is also called as Naththam and Mokshapuri. It is believed that one’s soul attains moksham if death occurs at this place. This temple occupies the chandra sthalam in the nava grahas.
Another story goes that a fisherman, who had cast a net at this Theertham, was bitten by a snake and immediately attained moksham thus reaching the abode of the Lord.
There is no separete sannadhi for Thayar in this temple.
Out of the 108 Divya Desam , this temple is 74th. This place ‘Thiruvaragunamangai’ is popularly known as “Natham”.
Vedavith ,a poor brahmin , who lived in Punyagosham Agraharam on the bank of river Rewa, wanted to do penance for getting the darshan of Maha Vishnu. The Lord, who knew this, took the form of an old brahmin, came to Vedavith’s place and told him that ‘Varagunamangai’ ( the present Natham ) was the spot ideally suited for his penance. Vedavith followed his advice meticulously. He went to the spot, performed deep penance chanting Asana mantra, got the darshan of Maha Vishnu and also attained Moksha. As the Lord appeared before Vedavith in response to his penance (chanting the particular mantra), here Maha Vishnu came to be known as Vijayasanar .
At this place the Lord is supposed to have given darshan to Romesha Maharishi, Savithri ( the staunch pathivratha, who fought with Yama and got back her husband Sathyavan’s life) and Agni deva. Adhi Seshan, the serpent god, under the name of Satyanarayana, provides protection to the lord’s head as an umbrella. It is believed that anyone who dies at this place attains Moksha.
The fate was that Sathyavaan’s life had to come to an end but Savithri did not want her husband to carried away by Yama, the demon king. She continued fighting with him till Yamaloka. When her foot went inside the Yamaloka, all the punished persons got their ‘sapa vimocchan’ and finally they got released from there. Seeing the sathya dharma of Savithri, Dharma devan Yama made her husband – Sathyavaan come back to life and returned him back to Savithri.
Agni, who was a victim of Sathya Dharma, Romasa Maharishi, who explains Sathyam, and Sathyavaan who was the victim for the dharma of how an husband should be- these three are the embodiment of Sathya dharma and the Emperumaan gave his prathyaksha as “Sathya Narayanan” to these persons in Veetriruntha kola along with Aadhiseshan serving him as the umbrella. Inspite of these three persons being men, their sathya dharma was upheld by their women, who were along with them. Agni’s sathya was explained by Sita devi, who is the Mangai (wife) of Sri Ramar (Shriman Narayanan), Pusunda Maharishis Mangai (wife) for Romasa Maharishi and finally Sathyavaan’s Mangai (wife) Savitri. Since the purity of these three women were upheld here, this sthalam is said to be Thiruvaraguna Mangai. This sthalapirattiyaar – Sri Varaguna Valli Thaayar (or) Sri Varaguna Mangai stands as an example of how a wife (or) mangai should be.
Sri Vijayasana means Perumal who sits on top of the Sathya Victory.
Pujas are conducted in this temple daily according to the Vaikansa Agam. Moon worship on Mondays, Narasimhar worship on Tuesdays and Perumal worship on Saturdays, Pavurnami and Pradosh are special. Devotees believe that if they offer cardamom garlands to Perumal and Narasimha, things will come to pass easily.
Festivals like Chithirai New Year, Audi Birthday, Purattasi Saturdays, Deepavali, 5 day boat festival in Ippasi, Thirukarthikai, Tanur month, Vaikunda Ekadasi, Thai month birth, 11 day prom in Masi, Panguni Uthiram are celebrated in this temple.
This is the place where two mothers, Varagunavalli and Varagunamangai, are with Perumal. The town is named after him as Sri Varguna Mangai. This is the site of the Mangalasasana by Nammazhvara. That too is done by Mangalasasana with only one word. This is the place where Agni was blessed with this great display. The site has two theerthams, Deva Pushkarani and Agni theertham. At this point, Perumal Vijayakodi sits on the plane facing east and blesses with the name ‘Vijayasanar’.
Chandra Tosha Remedy Place:
Also known as the Varagunamangai Vijayasana Perumal Temple, this temple is the site of the moon among the Navagrahas. Rather than saying ‘Vargunamangai’, it is easier for the public to identify when they hear ‘Natham Kovil’.
The temple is located in Natham, Thoothukudi district. The site is located at a distance of 2 km from Srivaikuntam and 32 km from Tirunelveli.